ASTHMA CAUSES FINANCIAL STRAIN IN THE US ECONOMY
The expense of Asthma is one the most vital scope when measuring the “burden” of the disease.
According to a new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, Asthma costs the U.S. economy more than $80 billion annually in medical expenses, missed work and school days and deaths.
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways of the lungs caused by a variety of factors. Under this condition, the person’s airways are always inflamed and swollen making them very sensitive to things one may be allergic into. When ones airways react, the muscles around it tightens and becomes narrow, causing the lungs to get only less air.
Under the said research, during 2008-2013, Asthma was responsible for $3 billion in losses from missed work and school days, $29 billion from asthma-related mortality, and $50.3 billion in medical costs. All combined, the total cost of asthma in the U.S. based on the pooled sample amounted to $81.9 billion in 2013.
Through these years (2008 -2013), the annual asthma occurrence was almost 5.0% with an estimated yearly total medical cost close to $50.3 billion based on the collective sample. Frequency of asthma in the United States ranged from 4.8% in 2008 and 2009 to 5.2% in 2011 and the total medical costs reached from $39.3 billion in 2008 to $67.5 billion in 2012.
On average, the total unadjusted medical cost of people with asthma was more than twice that of people without asthma. Also, both asthmatic children and adults missed significantly more days of school and work than those without asthma.
Here are other estimated results from the said research (all costs are expressed in 2015 U.S. dollars):
· Asthma-related mortality cost $29 billion per year, representing on average 3,168 deaths.
· People with no health insurance had significantly lower per person total medical expenditure for asthma compared to insured people.
· About 15.4 million people in the U.S. had treated asthma each year.
· Missed work and school days combined cost $3 billion per year, representing 8.7 million workdays and 5.2 million school days lost due to asthma.
· The annual per-person medical cost of asthma was $3,266. Of that, $1,830 was for prescriptions, $640 for office visits, $529 for hospitalizations, $176 for hospital outpatient visits and $105 for emergency room care.
The research is entitled, “The Economic Burden of Asthma in the United States, 2008-2013,” conducted by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzing numerous data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for calendar years 2008-2013.