In their updated statistics, there are 30.3 million people of all ages (9.4% of the US population), including 23.1 million people who are diagnosed and 7.2 million people (23.8%) undiagnosed.
Percentage of adults with diabetes increased with age, reaching the peak of 25.2% among those aged 65 years or older.
For the youth, about 132,000 children and adolescents under age 18 years (0.18% of the total U.S. population) have diagnosed diabetes, while 193,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed diabetes, approximately 0.24% of the population.
Diabetes is regarded as one of the seventh leading causes of death in 2015 with an estimated 1.5 million new cases of diabetes (6.7 per 1,000 persons) among U.S. adults aged 18 years or older and still continues to represent a growing health problem.
Average medical expenditures for people with diagnosed diabetes were about $13,700 per year with $7,900 of this amount attributed to diabetes.
It is a serious disease in which blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. It is due to lifestyle and genetic factors, but it is much difficult to diagnose between genetic risk and environmental risk.
People with diabetes are at risk of serious health conditions including loss of vision, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke, amputation of toes, feet, or legs and most probably, untimely death.
To prevent serious complications, the disease can be furtherly managed by healthy diet, regular exercise, and the proper use of insulin and other prescriptions and treatments to control blood sugar levels.